Alexander Kastalsky (1856-1926)

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KASTALSKY, Aleksandr Dmitriyevich (b. 16 [28] November 1856, Moscow; d. 17 December 1926, Moscow) — studied theory and composition at the Moscow Conservatory under Tchaikovsky, Taneyev, and Gubert. From 1887 and for most of his career, Kastalsky was closely connected with the Moscow Synodal School of Church Singing, initially as a teacher of piano and conducting, from 1891 as assistant conductor (to Vasily Orlov), from 1900 as one of the precentors (of the left choir), and from 1910 as director of the School. From 1918 to 1926, when the Bolsheviks made it impossible for the Synodal School to continue its existence, he tried to salvage it in the form of the “People’s Choral Academy,” which eventually was absorbed into the Moscow Conservatory. Besides being active in church music, Kastalsky throughout his life worked in the field of musical ethnography, studying the characteristics of the Russian folk song, making arrangements of folk songs, and using elements of the latter in his compositions. As a composer, Kastalsky is a seminal figure, who was recognized by his contemporaries as having created a new direction in Russian church music. His followers included Pavel Chesnokov, Alexandre Gretchaninoff, Aleksandr Nikolsky, Viktor Kalinnikov, Constantine Shvedoff, and Sergei Rachmaninoff, among others. In Kastalsky’s sacred works, melodies and individual chant formulas of znamenny and other chants are combined with techniques of counter-voice polyphony, drawn from the Russian choral folk song. The skillful use of these peculiarly Russian elements give Kastalsky’s works a marked national flavor, while the use of church chants link them to ancient traditions of the church-musical aesthetic. Kastalsky’s published sacred works and arrangements number approximately 175 (many published numbers contain several separate titles); there are also a number of unpublished works, primarily comprising arrangements of various pattern melodies (podobnï). Kastalsky also edited the Obikhod Sinodal’novo khora [The Common Book of the Synodal Choir] in 1914. To make the performance of hymns in the so-called “common” chants more meaningful, he compiled the Prakticheskoye rukovodstvo k vïrazitel’nomu peniyu stikhir pri pomoshchi razlichnïkh garmonizatsiy [A practical manual for the expressive singing of stichera with the help of various harmonizations], which selectively applies major and minor harmony in accordance with the meaning and mood of a given liturgical texts.
A107_search Alexander Kastalsky Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Alexander Kastalsky

Domestik Municipal Choir of Ekaterinburg

Valery Kopanev

Domestik

A107

MP3 Price: $9.99
E003_search Alexander Kastalsky Kastalsky (1856-1926): Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and Chants of the Russian Orthodox Church

Alexander Kastalsky

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

Andrey Zaboronok

Collins Classics

E003

MP3 Price: $9.99
A143_kastalsky_search Alexander Kastalsky Kastalsky: Memory Eternal (1917)

Alexander Kastalsky

The Clarion Choir

Steven Fox

Naxos

A143

CD Price: $12.98
Ks-dl_search Alexander Kastalsky Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom
Liturgiya Sv. Ioanna Zlatousta

Alexander Kastalsky

Women's/Treble

Church Slavonic

10

58

Ks-DL

Price: $9.95
Ks-req-cover-1_search Alexander Kastalsky Memory Eternal to the Fallen Heroes (Requiem)
Vechnaya Pamyiat geroyam

Alexander Kastalsky

Mixed

Church Slavonic

65

Ks-Req

Price: $19.95
Ks008_search Alexander Kastalsky Today the Virgin
Deva dnes'

Alexander Kastalsky

Znamenny Chant

SSATTB(div)

Church Slavonic

Ks008

Print Price: $2.10
Ks007_search Alexander Kastalsky Troparion for the Nativity of Christ
Tropar' Rozhdestvu Khristovu

Alexander Kastalsky

Znamenny Chant

SSATTB

Church Slavonic

Ks007

Print Price: $2.10
Ks094_search Alexander Kastalsky When Augustus Ruled Alone
Avgustu yedinonachalstvuyushchu

Alexander Kastalsky

Glinsk Hermitage Melody

SATB or TTBB

Church Slavonic

Ks094

Print Price: $2.55
Ks164_search Alexander Kastalsky With the Saints Give Rest
So sviatïmi upokoy

Alexander Kastalsky

SATB (div)

Church Slavonic

Ks164

Print Price: $2.10
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Our Father

Alexander Kastalsky

Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Domestik Municipal Choir Choir of Ekaterinburg

Track

Praise the Name of the Lord

Alexander Kastalsky

Beautiful Pascha (Paskha Krasnaya)

Choir of Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Monastery and Moscow Sacred Academy and Seminary

Track

From my youth

Alexander Kastalsky

Kastalsky: Memory Eternal (1917)

The Clarion Choir

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Rejoice, O Isaiah

Alexander Kastalsky

Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Domestik Municipal Choir Choir of Ekaterinburg

Track

Rejoice, O Queen

Alexander Kastalsky

Blessed Art Thou among Women (HDCD High Definition CD)

PaTRAM Institute Singers

C132_search Price: $16.98
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Blessed are they

Alexander Kastalsky

Kastalsky: Memory Eternal (1917)

The Clarion Choir

Get the Sheet Music for this track: Ks028 Ks028-blazheni-cover-for-web_thumb
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Dismissal

Alexander Kastalsky

Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Domestik Municipal Choir Choir of Ekaterinburg

Track

Glory Be to God on High

Alexander Kastalsky

Christ is Born - Give Glory! Hymns, Chants, and Carols

Archangel Voices

Get the Sheet Music for this track: OMP-Ks116E Omp-ks116e_thumb
Track

Gladsome Light No. 1

Alexander Kastalsky

Sacred Songs of Russia

Gloriae Dei Cantores

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Track

Many Years

Alexander Kastalsky

Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Domestik Municipal Choir Choir of Ekaterinburg