Alexander Kastalsky (1856-1926)

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KASTALSKY, Aleksandr Dmitriyevich (b. 16 [28] November 1856, Moscow; d. 17 December 1926, Moscow) — studied theory and composition at the Moscow Conservatory under Tchaikovsky, Taneyev, and Gubert. From 1887 and for most of his career, Kastalsky was closely connected with the Moscow Synodal School of Church Singing, initially as a teacher of piano and conducting, from 1891 as assistant conductor (to Vasily Orlov), from 1900 as one of the precentors (of the left choir), and from 1910 as director of the School. From 1918 to 1926, when the Bolsheviks made it impossible for the Synodal School to continue its existence, he tried to salvage it in the form of the “People’s Choral Academy,” which eventually was absorbed into the Moscow Conservatory. Besides being active in church music, Kastalsky throughout his life worked in the field of musical ethnography, studying the characteristics of the Russian folk song, making arrangements of folk songs, and using elements of the latter in his compositions. As a composer, Kastalsky is a seminal figure, who was recognized by his contemporaries as having created a new direction in Russian church music. His followers included Pavel Chesnokov, Alexandre Gretchaninoff, Aleksandr Nikolsky, Viktor Kalinnikov, Constantine Shvedoff, and Sergei Rachmaninoff, among others. In Kastalsky’s sacred works, melodies and individual chant formulas of znamenny and other chants are combined with techniques of counter-voice polyphony, drawn from the Russian choral folk song. The skillful use of these peculiarly Russian elements give Kastalsky’s works a marked national flavor, while the use of church chants link them to ancient traditions of the church-musical aesthetic. Kastalsky’s published sacred works and arrangements number approximately 175 (many published numbers contain several separate titles); there are also a number of unpublished works, primarily comprising arrangements of various pattern melodies (podobnï). Kastalsky also edited the Obikhod Sinodal’novo khora [The Common Book of the Synodal Choir] in 1914. To make the performance of hymns in the so-called “common” chants more meaningful, he compiled the Prakticheskoye rukovodstvo k vïrazitel’nomu peniyu stikhir pri pomoshchi razlichnïkh garmonizatsiy [A practical manual for the expressive singing of stichera with the help of various harmonizations], which selectively applies major and minor harmony in accordance with the meaning and mood of a given liturgical texts.
A107_search Alexander Kastalsky Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Alexander Kastalsky

Domestik Municipal Choir of Ekaterinburg

Valery Kopanev

Domestik

A107

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E003_search Alexander Kastalsky Kastalsky (1856-1926): Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and Chants of the Russian Orthodox Church

Alexander Kastalsky

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

Andrey Zaboronok

Collins Classics

E003

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A143_kastalsky_search Alexander Kastalsky Kastalsky: Memory Eternal (1917)

Alexander Kastalsky

The Clarion Choir

Steven Fox

Naxos

A143

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Ks-dl_search Alexander Kastalsky Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom
Liturgiya Sv. Ioanna Zlatousta

Alexander Kastalsky

Women's/Treble

Church Slavonic

10

58

Ks-DL

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Ks-req-cover-1_search Alexander Kastalsky Memory Eternal to the Fallen Heroes (Requiem)
Vechnaya Pamyiat geroyam

Alexander Kastalsky

Mixed

Church Slavonic

65

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Ks011_search Alexander Kastalsky God is with us
S nami Bog

Alexander Kastalsky

Znamenny Chant

SSATTB

Church Slavonic

Ks011

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Ks011mc_search Alexander Kastalsky God is with us
S nami Bog

Alexander Kastalsky

Znamenny Chant

TTBB

Church Slavonic

Ks011mc

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Sheet_music_piece_cover_ks123_search Alexander Kastalsky Great Doxology, The (No. 2)
Velikoye slavosloviye

Alexander Kastalsky

Znamenny Chant

SATB (div)

Church Slavonic

Ks123

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Ks127(wc)_search Alexander Kastalsky In Thy Kingdom (No. 3 from Liturgy)
Vo Tsarstvii Tvoyem

Alexander Kastalsky

SSAA

Church Slavonic

Ks127(wc)

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Ks133(wc)_search Alexander Kastalsky It Is Truly Fitting (No. 8 from Liturgy)
Dostoyno yest'

Alexander Kastalsky

SSAA

Church Slavonic

Ks133(wc)

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Ks112-cover-for-web_search Alexander Kastalsky Lord, Now Lettest Thou, No. 1b
Nïne otpushchayeshï

Alexander Kastalsky

satb

Church Slavonic

Ks112

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Ks111_search Alexander Kastalsky Lord, Now Lettest Thou (Nunc dimittis) No. 1
Nïne otpushchayeshï

Alexander Kastalsky

SATB, B solo

Church Slavonic

Ks111

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Hnp030_search Alexander Kastalsky Lord, Now Lettest Thou (Nunc dimittis) No. 1

Alexander Kastalsky

SATB

English

HNP030

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Hnp019_search Alexander Kastalsky Only Begotten Son

Alexander Kastalsky

SATB

English

HNP019

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Ks126(wc)_search Alexander Kastalsky Only Begotten Son (No. 2 from Liturgy)
Yedinorodnïy Sïne

Alexander Kastalsky

SSAA

Church Slavonic

Ks126(wc)

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Augmented Litany

Alexander Kastalsky

Kastalsky (1856-1926): Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and Chants of the Russian Orthodox Church

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

Track

Give rest, O Lord (from the canon refrain)

Alexander Kastalsky

Kastalsky: Memory Eternal (1917)

The Clarion Choir

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Great Litany

Alexander Kastalsky

Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Domestik Municipal Choir Choir of Ekaterinburg

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Open to Us the Doors of Thy Mercy

Alexander Kastalsky

O Fervent Intercessor: Hymns to the Mother of God

Joint Choir of Trinity St. Sergius Monastery and Moscow Sacred Academy and Seminary

Track

Prokeimenon & Scripture Reading

Alexander Kastalsky

Vespers of Good Friday

Choir of the Russian Orthodox Cathedral in London

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Today the Virgin

Alexander Kastalsky

Let Us Pray to the Most Holy Mother of God; works by composers of the Moscow Synodal School

Male Choir of the Moscow Representation Church of the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Monastery

Track

Cherubic Hymn

Alexander Kastalsky

Kastalsky (1856-1926): Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and Chants of the Russian Orthodox Church

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

Get the Sheet Music for this track: Ks130(wc) Ks130(wc)_thumb
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First Crowing Prayer

Alexander Kastalsky

Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Domestik Municipal Choir Choir of Ekaterinburg

Track

I will pour out my prayer (from canon)

Alexander Kastalsky

Kastalsky: Memory Eternal (1917)

The Clarion Choir

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When Augustus Reigned Alone Upon The Earth

Alexander Kastalsky

In the Bond of Love

Male Choir of the Moscow Representation Church of the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Monastery

Ks007-source Alexander Kastalsky

Troparion for the Nativity of Christ

FT - "Rozhdestvo Tvoe, Khriste Bozhe nash" ("Thy Nativity, O Christ our God")

V. Grosse #A.7 K. 1898

Ks007-source

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Ks009-source Alexander Kastalsky

Troparion for the Theophany of Christ

FT - "Vo Iordane kreshchaiushchusia" ("When Thou, O Lord, wast baptized")

V. Grosse #A.7 K. 1898

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NL - Non-liturgical Concerto (General kontakion to the Mother of God)

V. Grosse #A.19 K. 1900

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