Alexander Kastalsky (1856-1926)

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KASTALSKY, Aleksandr Dmitriyevich (b. 16 [28] November 1856, Moscow; d. 17 December 1926, Moscow) — studied theory and composition at the Moscow Conservatory under Tchaikovsky, Taneyev, and Gubert. From 1887 and for most of his career, Kastalsky was closely connected with the Moscow Synodal School of Church Singing, initially as a teacher of piano and conducting, from 1891 as assistant conductor (to Vasily Orlov), from 1900 as one of the precentors (of the left choir), and from 1910 as director of the School. From 1918 to 1926, when the Bolsheviks made it impossible for the Synodal School to continue its existence, he tried to salvage it in the form of the “People’s Choral Academy,” which eventually was absorbed into the Moscow Conservatory. Besides being active in church music, Kastalsky throughout his life worked in the field of musical ethnography, studying the characteristics of the Russian folk song, making arrangements of folk songs, and using elements of the latter in his compositions. As a composer, Kastalsky is a seminal figure, who was recognized by his contemporaries as having created a new direction in Russian church music. His followers included Pavel Chesnokov, Alexandre Gretchaninoff, Aleksandr Nikolsky, Viktor Kalinnikov, Constantine Shvedoff, and Sergei Rachmaninoff, among others. In Kastalsky’s sacred works, melodies and individual chant formulas of znamenny and other chants are combined with techniques of counter-voice polyphony, drawn from the Russian choral folk song. The skillful use of these peculiarly Russian elements give Kastalsky’s works a marked national flavor, while the use of church chants link them to ancient traditions of the church-musical aesthetic. Kastalsky’s published sacred works and arrangements number approximately 175 (many published numbers contain several separate titles); there are also a number of unpublished works, primarily comprising arrangements of various pattern melodies (podobnï). Kastalsky also edited the Obikhod Sinodal’novo khora [The Common Book of the Synodal Choir] in 1914. To make the performance of hymns in the so-called “common” chants more meaningful, he compiled the Prakticheskoye rukovodstvo k vïrazitel’nomu peniyu stikhir pri pomoshchi razlichnïkh garmonizatsiy [A practical manual for the expressive singing of stichera with the help of various harmonizations], which selectively applies major and minor harmony in accordance with the meaning and mood of a given liturgical texts.
A107_search Alexander Kastalsky Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Alexander Kastalsky

Domestik Municipal Choir of Ekaterinburg

Valery Kopanev

Domestik

A107

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E003_search Alexander Kastalsky Kastalsky (1856-1926): Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and Chants of the Russian Orthodox Church

Alexander Kastalsky

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

Andrey Zaboronok

Collins Classics

E003

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A143_kastalsky_search Alexander Kastalsky Kastalsky: Memory Eternal (1917)

Alexander Kastalsky

The Clarion Choir

Steven Fox

Naxos

A143

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Ks-dl_search Alexander Kastalsky Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom
Liturgiya Sv. Ioanna Zlatousta

Alexander Kastalsky

Women's/Treble

Church Slavonic

10

58

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Ks-req-cover-1_search Alexander Kastalsky Memory Eternal to the Fallen Heroes (Requiem)
Vechnaya Pamyiat geroyam

Alexander Kastalsky

Mixed

Church Slavonic

65

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Ks156mx_search Alexander Kastalsky Christ Is Risen
Hristos voskrese

Alexander Kastalsky

SATB

Church Slavonic

Ks156mx

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Ks161_search Alexander Kastalsky Give Rest, O Our Savior
Pokoy, Spase

Alexander Kastalsky

SATB (div)

Church Slavonic

Ks161

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Ks107mc_search Alexander Kastalsky Gladsome Light No. 1
Svete tihiy

Alexander Kastalsky

TTBB

Church Slavonic

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Ks107_search Alexander Kastalsky Gladsome Light No. 1
Svete tihiy No. 1

Alexander Kastalsky

Kievan Chant

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Ks107

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Sm-ks108b-cover_search Alexander Kastalsky Gladsome Light (No. 2b)
Svete tihiy (No. 2b)

Alexander Kastalsky

SATB (div)

Church Slavonic

Ks108b

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Ks109_search Alexander Kastalsky Gladsome Light No. 3
Svete tihiy

Alexander Kastalsky

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Church Slavonic

Ks109

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Ks151_search Alexander Kastalsky Gladsome Light No. 4
Svete tihiy No. 4

Alexander Kastalsky

SATB(div)

Church Slavonic

Ks151

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Hnp027_search Alexander Kastalsky Gladsome Light (Synodal Obihod)

Alexander Kastalsky

Kievan Chant

SATB

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HNP027

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Omp-ks116e_search Alexander Kastalsky Glory Be to God on High

Alexander Kastalsky

SATB

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Omp-ks145e_search Alexander Kastalsky Glory... Only-begotten Son, No. 2

Alexander Kastalsky

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Litany of supplication

Alexander Kastalsky

Kastalsky (1856-1926): Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and Chants of the Russian Orthodox Church

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

Track

Prokeimenon

Alexander Kastalsky

Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Domestik Municipal Choir Choir of Ekaterinburg

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With the Saints give rest

Alexander Kastalsky

Kastalsky: Memory Eternal (1917)

The Clarion Choir

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A mercy of peace

Alexander Kastalsky

Kastalsky (1856-1926): Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and Chants of the Russian Orthodox Church

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

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Christ is risen

Alexander Kastalsky

The Day of Resurrection: Paschal Hymns

Women's Choir of the Choir Directors School at the Moscow Theological Academy

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Epistle Reading

Alexander Kastalsky

Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Domestik Municipal Choir Choir of Ekaterinburg

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Festal Troparion

Alexander Kastalsky

We Have Seen the True Light

Male Choir of the Representation Church of the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Monastery

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Thou alone art immortal

Alexander Kastalsky

Kastalsky: Memory Eternal (1917)

The Clarion Choir

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Today the Virgin, Op 7b

Alexander Kastalsky

The Sacred Spirit of Russia

Conspirare

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As Many as Have Been Baptized, Op. 18c

Alexander Kastalsky

The Sacred Spirit of Russia

Conspirare

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A mercy of peace

DL - Anaphora (Eucharistic Canon)

V. Grosse #A. K. 1898

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Ks001-source Alexander Kastalsky

Milost' mira

A mercy of peace

S. Op. 1

DL

Anaphora (Eucharistic Canon)

Serbian Chant

S(div)AT(div)B(div)

V. Grosse #A.1 K. 1897

6

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A mercy of peace

DL - Anaphora (Eucharistic Canon)

V. Grosse #A.6 K. 1898

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Ks019-source Alexander Kastalsky

A mercy of peace

DL - Anaphora (Eucharistic Canon)

V. Grosse #A.14 K. 1898

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Ks006-source Alexander Kastalsky

Milost' mira No. 1

A mercy of peace

S. Op. 6

DL

Anaphora (Eucharistic Canon)

Znamenny Chant

S(div)AT(div)B(div)

V. Grosse #A.6 K. 1898

9

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As Many as Have Been Baptized (Znamenny Chant)

DL - As many as have been baptized

V. Grosse #A.17 K. 1898

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Bless the Lord, O my soul

VS - Introductory Psalm (Psalm 103)

V. Grosse #A.23 K. 1900

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Bless the Lord, O my soul

VS - Introductory Psalm (Psalm 103)

V. Grosse #A.22 K. 1900

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Missing Alexander Kastalsky

Bless the Lord, O my soul

VS - Introductory Psalm (Psalm 103)

V. Grosse #A.23 K. 1900

Ks033-source

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Missing Alexander Kastalsky

Bless the Lord, O my soul

VS - Introductory Psalm (Psalm 103)

V. Grosse #A.22 K. 1900

Ks031-source

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