Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

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RIMSKY-KORSAKOV, Nikolai Andreyevich (b. 1844, Tikhvin; d. 1908, Lubensk Estate, near Luga, Pskov District)—A member of the "Mighty Five," a group of Russian nationalist composers headed by Miliy Balakirev, Rimsky-Korsakov was already a well-known composer and professor of composition and orchestration at the St. Petersburg Conservatory, when, in 1883, he was appointed together with  Balakirev to head the Imperial Court Chapel in St. Petersburg. Prior to that, in his work with the Free Musical School (1874-81), he had been involved in composing secular choral works and transcribing and arranging Russian folk songs. In his new position with the Imperial Chapel, Rimsky-Korsakov turned his attention to sacred choral composition and to new ways of arranging liturgical chants. Altogether he wrote forty choral works for the Russian Orthodox Church: fourteen titles were published in two series in 1884 and 1886, respectively; a setting of Tebe Boga hvalim [Te Deum laudamus] appeared in 1893; and a collection of 25 more works was published posthumously in 1913 by Evstafy Azeyev. In addition, he played a leading role (together with Kopylov, Azeyev, Liapunov, and others) in the harmonization of the Chants of the All-Night Vigil according to ancient melodies arranged for four-part chorus, published in 1888.

In his sacred choral works Rimsky-Korsakov made extensive use of authentic chant melodies as well as melodies he himself composed in the style of chant. The polyphonic treatment of the melodies is quite varied and innovative. Some melodies serve as motives for imitative counterpoint, while others are harmonized homorhythmically, using a thick choral texture replete with doublings. The harmony is often modal, preserving the archaic flavor of the chant. The choral sonorities range from a few solo voices to rich double choral writing.

Although seemingly a relatively minor part of Rimsky-Korsakov's legacy    of primarily symphonic and operatic works, his choral music has been recognized as an important transitional influence that gave direction to the "new Russian choral school" of the early 20th century. It is not a coincidence that among his students one finds a number of important composers of sacred music: Anatoly Liadov, Alexander Gretchaninoff, Nicolai Tcherepnin, Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, and Alexander Chesnokov (brother of Pavel). There are also clear links between his style and that of Alexander Kastalsky, the leading composer of the "Moscow School."

M-nr_search Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov The Complete Sacred Choral Works
Polnoye sobraniye duhovno-muzïkal'nïh proizvedeniy

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

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Ri039_search Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Let Us Praise the Glory of the World
Vsemirnuyu slavu

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Znamenny Chant

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Ri004_search Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Mercy of Peace, A
Milost mira

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

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Ri007_search Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Our Father
Otche nash

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

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Ri035_search Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Rejoice in the Lord No. 1
Raduytesia pravednii

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Kievan Chant

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Alleluia...Behold the Bridegroom

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Lamentations; Orthodox Chants of Holy Week

Archangel Voices

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The Tatak Captivity

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Russian Folk Songs, vol. 2

State Academic Russian Choir

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The Lord's prayer

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Selections from the Divine Liturgy

The Choir of Ss. Peter & Paul Orthodox Church

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Praise the Lord from the Heavens

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Selections from the Divine Liturgy

The Choir of Ss. Peter & Paul Orthodox Church

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The Golden Cloud Slept

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Without Time or Season: Russian Choruses for Children

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

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The Prophet

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Russian Sacred Hymns, Folk Songs, and Romances; recordings from 1920-1930

Feodor Shalyapin

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The Last Cloud

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Without Time or Season: Russian Choruses for Children

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

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Song and Dance of the Birds from the opera 'The Snow Maiden'

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Without Time or Season: Russian Choruses for Children

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

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Praise the Lord from the Heavens

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Orthodox Divine Liturgy; Master, Bless!

Archangel Voices