Alexander Kastalsky (1856-1926)

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KASTALSKY, Aleksandr Dmitriyevich (b. 16 [28] November 1856, Moscow; d. 17 December 1926, Moscow) — studied theory and composition at the Moscow Conservatory under Tchaikovsky, Taneyev, and Gubert. From 1887 and for most of his career, Kastalsky was closely connected with the Moscow Synodal School of Church Singing, initially as a teacher of piano and conducting, from 1891 as assistant conductor (to Vasily Orlov), from 1900 as one of the precentors (of the left choir), and from 1910 as director of the School. From 1918 to 1926, when the Bolsheviks made it impossible for the Synodal School to continue its existence, he tried to salvage it in the form of the “People’s Choral Academy,” which eventually was absorbed into the Moscow Conservatory. Besides being active in church music, Kastalsky throughout his life worked in the field of musical ethnography, studying the characteristics of the Russian folk song, making arrangements of folk songs, and using elements of the latter in his compositions. As a composer, Kastalsky is a seminal figure, who was recognized by his contemporaries as having created a new direction in Russian church music. His followers included Pavel Chesnokov, Alexandre Gretchaninoff, Aleksandr Nikolsky, Viktor Kalinnikov, Constantine Shvedoff, and Sergei Rachmaninoff, among others. In Kastalsky’s sacred works, melodies and individual chant formulas of znamenny and other chants are combined with techniques of counter-voice polyphony, drawn from the Russian choral folk song. The skillful use of these peculiarly Russian elements give Kastalsky’s works a marked national flavor, while the use of church chants link them to ancient traditions of the church-musical aesthetic. Kastalsky’s published sacred works and arrangements number approximately 175 (many published numbers contain several separate titles); there are also a number of unpublished works, primarily comprising arrangements of various pattern melodies (podobnï). Kastalsky also edited the Obikhod Sinodal’novo khora [The Common Book of the Synodal Choir] in 1914. To make the performance of hymns in the so-called “common” chants more meaningful, he compiled the Prakticheskoye rukovodstvo k vïrazitel’nomu peniyu stikhir pri pomoshchi razlichnïkh garmonizatsiy [A practical manual for the expressive singing of stichera with the help of various harmonizations], which selectively applies major and minor harmony in accordance with the meaning and mood of a given liturgical texts.
A107_search Alexander Kastalsky Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Alexander Kastalsky

Domestik Municipal Choir of Ekaterinburg

Valery Kopanev

Domestik

A107

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E003_search Alexander Kastalsky Kastalsky (1856-1926): Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and Chants of the Russian Orthodox Church

Alexander Kastalsky

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

Andrey Zaboronok

Collins Classics

E003

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Ks-dl_search Alexander Kastalsky Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom
Liturgiya Sv. Ioanna Zlatousta

Alexander Kastalsky

Women's/Treble

Church Slavonic

10

58

Ks-DL

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Ks-req-cover-1_search Alexander Kastalsky Memory Eternal to the Fallen Heros (Requiem)
Vechnaya Pamyiat geroyam

Alexander Kastalsky

Mixed

Church Slavonic

65

Ks-Req

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Ks004cover_search Alexander Kastalsky Open unto us the doors
Miloserdiya dveri otverzi nam

Alexander Kastalsky

Satb (div)

Church Slavonic

Ks004

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Omp-ks004e-cover_search Alexander Kastalsky Open Unto Us the Doors of Compassion

Alexander Kastalsky

SATB(div)

English

OMP-Ks004E

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Ks134(wc)_search Alexander Kastalsky Our Father
Otche nash

Alexander Kastalsky

SSAA

Church Slavonic

Ks134(wc)

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Ks118_search Alexander Kastalsky Praise the Name of the Lord No. 1
Hvalite imia Ghospodne No. 1

Alexander Kastalsky

Kievan Chant

SATB(div)

Church Slavonic

Ks118

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Cc001_search Alexander Kastalsky Shepherds of Bethlehem
Pastïriye vifleyemstii

Alexander Kastalsky

Carol by St. Dmitry of Rostov

SATB

Russian

CC001

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Cc001e_search Alexander Kastalsky Shepherds of Bethlehem

Alexander Kastalsky

Carol by St. Dmitry of Rostov

SATB

English

CC001E

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Ks165_search Alexander Kastalsky Thou Alone Art Immortal
Sam Yedin yesi Bessmertnïy

Alexander Kastalsky

SATB (div)

Church Slavonic

Ks165

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V1-74h_search Alexander Kastalsky Thy Resurrection, O Christ Our Savior
Voskreseniye Tvoye

Alexander Kastalsky

Kievan Chant

SATB

Church Slavonic

V1-74h

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Ks008_search Alexander Kastalsky Today the Virgin
Deva dnes'

Alexander Kastalsky

Znamenny Chant

SSATTB(div)

Church Slavonic

Ks008

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Christ is risen

Alexander Kastalsky

Sacred Songs of Russia

Gloriae Dei Cantores

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Great Litany and Only Begotten Son

Alexander Kastalsky

Kastalsky (1856-1926): Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and Chants of the Russian Orthodox Church

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

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Track

Greeting of the Groom

Alexander Kastalsky

Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Domestik Municipal Choir Choir of Ekaterinburg

Track

The Great Doxology No. 2, Op.57

Alexander Kastalsky

The Sacred Spirit of Russia

Conspirare

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Blessed is the Man (Znamenny Chant)

Alexander Kastalsky

Come, Bless the Lord

St. Symeon Orthodox Church Choir

Track

Bless the Lord, O MySoul

Alexander Kastalsky

Our God is in Heaven and on Earth

St. Symeon Orthodox Church Choir

Track

Gladsome Light (No. 3)

Alexander Kastalsky

Let Us Pray to the Most Holy Mother of God; works by composers of the Moscow Synodal School

Male Choir of the Moscow Representation Church of the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Monastery

Track

Greeting of the Bride

Alexander Kastalsky

Alexander Kastalsky: The Marriage Service and Sacred Works

Domestik Municipal Choir Choir of Ekaterinburg

Track

In Thy Kingdom

Alexander Kastalsky

Kastalsky (1856-1926): Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and Chants of the Russian Orthodox Church

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

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Lord, I Have Cried

Alexander Kastalsky

Vespers of Good Friday

Choir of the Russian Orthodox Cathedral in London

Ks001-source Alexander Kastalsky

Milost' mira

A mercy of peace

S. Op. 1

DL

Anaphora (Eucharistic Canon)

Serbian Chant

S(div)AT(div)B(div)

V. Grosse #A.1 K. 1897

6

Ks001-source

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A mercy of peace

DL - Anaphora (Eucharistic Canon)

V. Grosse #A.6 K. 1898

Ks013-source

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Ks006-source Alexander Kastalsky

Milost' mira No. 1

A mercy of peace

S. Op. 6

DL

Anaphora (Eucharistic Canon)

Znamenny Chant

S(div)AT(div)B(div)

V. Grosse #A.6 K. 1898

9

Ks006-source

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Ks019-source Alexander Kastalsky

A mercy of peace

DL - Anaphora (Eucharistic Canon)

V. Grosse #A.14 K. 1898

Ks019-source

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A mercy of peace

DL - Anaphora (Eucharistic Canon)

V. Grosse #A. K. 1898

Ks017-source

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As Many as Have Been Baptized (Znamenny Chant)

DL - As many as have been baptized

V. Grosse #A.17 K. 1898

Ks024-source

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Bless the Lord, O my soul

VS - Introductory Psalm (Psalm 103)

V. Grosse #A.23 K. 1900

Ks032-source

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Bless the Lord, O my soul

VS - Introductory Psalm (Psalm 103)

V. Grosse #A.23 K. 1900

Ks033-source

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Missing Alexander Kastalsky

Bless the Lord, O my soul

VS - Introductory Psalm (Psalm 103)

V. Grosse #A.22 K. 1900

Ks031-source

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Missing Alexander Kastalsky

Bless the Lord, O my soul

VS - Introductory Psalm (Psalm 103)

V. Grosse #A.22 K. 1900

Ks030-source

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