Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

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RIMSKY-KORSAKOV, Nikolai Andreyevich (b. 1844, Tikhvin; d. 1908, Lubensk Estate, near Luga, Pskov District)—A member of the "Mighty Five," a group of Russian nationalist composers headed by Miliy Balakirev, Rimsky-Korsakov was already a well-known composer and professor of composition and orchestration at the St. Petersburg Conservatory, when, in 1883, he was appointed together with  Balakirev to head the Imperial Court Chapel in St. Petersburg. Prior to that, in his work with the Free Musical School (1874-81), he had been involved in composing secular choral works and transcribing and arranging Russian folk songs. In his new position with the Imperial Chapel, Rimsky-Korsakov turned his attention to sacred choral composition and to new ways of arranging liturgical chants. Altogether he wrote forty choral works for the Russian Orthodox Church: fourteen titles were published in two series in 1884 and 1886, respectively; a setting of Tebe Boga hvalim [Te Deum laudamus] appeared in 1893; and a collection of 25 more works was published posthumously in 1913 by Evstafy Azeyev. In addition, he played a leading role (together with Kopylov, Azeyev, Liapunov, and others) in the harmonization of the Chants of the All-Night Vigil according to ancient melodies arranged for four-part chorus, published in 1888.

In his sacred choral works Rimsky-Korsakov made extensive use of authentic chant melodies as well as melodies he himself composed in the style of chant. The polyphonic treatment of the melodies is quite varied and innovative. Some melodies serve as motives for imitative counterpoint, while others are harmonized homorhythmically, using a thick choral texture replete with doublings. The harmony is often modal, preserving the archaic flavor of the chant. The choral sonorities range from a few solo voices to rich double choral writing.

Although seemingly a relatively minor part of Rimsky-Korsakov's legacy    of primarily symphonic and operatic works, his choral music has been recognized as an important transitional influence that gave direction to the "new Russian choral school" of the early 20th century. It is not a coincidence that among his students one finds a number of important composers of sacred music: Anatoly Liadov, Alexander Gretchaninoff, Nicolai Tcherepnin, Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, and Alexander Chesnokov (brother of Pavel). There are also clear links between his style and that of Alexander Kastalsky, the leading composer of the "Moscow School."

A46_search Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov N. Rimsky-Korsakov: The First Complete Recording of the Sacred Choral Works (2 CDs)

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Blagovest Ensemble of Sacred Music, Moscow

Galina Koltsova

Cantica Musikproduktion

A046

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M-nr_search Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov The Complete Sacred Choral Works
Polnoye sobraniye duhovno-muzïkal'nïh proizvedeniy

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Church Slavonic

40

356

M-NR

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Ri017_search Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Before Thy Cross
Krestu Tvoyemu

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

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Ri017

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Ri012_search Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Behold, the Bridegroom comes
Se Zhenih griadet

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Kievan Chant

SATB(div)

Church Slavonic

Ri012

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Omp-ri012e_search Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Behold, the Bridegroom Comes

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Kievan Chant

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Ri040_search Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Beneath the Waves of the Sea
Volnoyu morskoyu

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Little Znamenny Chant

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Church Slavonic

Ri040

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Ri014_search Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov By the waters of Babylon
Na rekah vavilonskih

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Znamenny Chant

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Church Slavonic

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Track

Do not weep for Me, Mother

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Maximilian Steinberg: Passion Week

Cappella Romana

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Track

Praise the Lord from the Heavens

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Selections from the Divine Liturgy

The Choir of Ss. Peter & Paul Orthodox Church

Track

The Golden Cloud Slept

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Without Time or Season: Russian Choruses for Children

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

Track

The Prophet

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Russian Sacred Hymns, Folk Songs, and Romances; recordings from 1920-1930

Feodor Shalyapin

Track

We praise Thee, O God

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

N. Rimsky-Korsakov: The First Complete Recording of the Sacred Choral Works (2 CDs)

Blagovest Ensemble of Sacred Music, Moscow

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Let all mortal flesh keep silence

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Maximilian Steinberg: Passion Week

Cappella Romana

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Track

The Last Cloud

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Without Time or Season: Russian Choruses for Children

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir

Track

Who is this King of glory?

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

N. Rimsky-Korsakov: The First Complete Recording of the Sacred Choral Works (2 CDs)

Blagovest Ensemble of Sacred Music, Moscow

Get the Sheet Music for this track: Ri016 Ri016_thumb
Track

Before Thy Cross

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

N. Rimsky-Korsakov: The First Complete Recording of the Sacred Choral Works (2 CDs)

Blagovest Ensemble of Sacred Music, Moscow

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Song and Dance of the Birds from the opera 'The Snow Maiden'

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Without Time or Season: Russian Choruses for Children

The Bolshoi Theatre Children's Choir